For new lawns loosen the top 2-3 inches of soil. Remove debris and break up clumps of soil. Then level area where excess water might collect. For existing lawns mow grass as short as possible. Loosen top 1/4 inch of soil in bare spots. Then remove debris and break up clumps of soil. Finally level area where excess water might collect. For seeding spread seed evenly by hand or by spreader. Cover seed lightly by hand raking. Water lightly and frequently until new grass is 2 inch high. Water new grass regularly to keep roots moist. New lawns, 3 lbs, per 1,000 sq. ft. Overseeding: 1.5 lbs. per 1,000 sq. ft. Main Pure Seed Mix: 34.24% charismatic II perennial ryegrass, 30.27% boreal creeping red fescue, 25.09% churchill perennial ryegrass, 9.07% kentucky bluegrass.